If you are distinguish with diabetes, it is vital that you also understand how diabetes affects you long term. it is not to scare you, but to keep you knowledgable about the toll it can take on your body. As a matter of fact, prevention is better than cure, and maybe you can save yourself from a lot of risks. Diabetes is about control and in the event that you can take command of it. Well then, welcome to the world of happy living! Below I have written down on how does diabetes affect the body, so go on, take a look!

How Does Diabetes Affect the Body?

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Diseases
  • Damaged Nervous System
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Digestion Problems
  • Damaged Kidneys
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Weight Loss
  • Ketoacidosis
  • Dry and  Cracked Skin

High Blood Pressure And Diabetes

Effects of High Blood Pressure

There is a link with diabetes and high blood pressure. If these two tie their hands together, risks go rocket high. Since hypertension has no obvious symptoms, most of the people do not even know that they are living with it. It is always good that you get your blood pressure checked when you have diabetes which should be below 130 by 80. Some say that the reasons could be inactiveness or obesity.

Damaged Nervous System

The damage of the nervous system among people with diabetes is commonly known as Diabetic Neuropathy. Nearly 70% of people with diabetes suffer from nerve damage. The symptoms occur normally after many years, but it is due to long-term diabetes. In the beginning, it occurs first as a tingling or numbness sensation, followed by a loss of pain and touch, later leading to heat or cold perception in the hands or feet. In most cases, it affects the lower limbs of the body. After some time, you might not be able to have any kind of sensation on the limbs, which makes it difficult to even sense an injury. To avoid this, it is better to keep active and take short, regular walks.

Heart Diseases

silent heart attack diabetes

This is one of the most common diseases that occur due to diabetes. It is because of the sugar that gets stored in the blood. This results in the fatty deposits in the veins and arteries being the reason for reducing the circulation of blood to the heart causing strokes, chest pain and other cardiovascular issues. It not only affects the heart but also the arteries that are connected to the heart. Be sure to get regular check-ups to avoid serious complications.

Digestion Problems

Due to poorly controlled sugar, the nerves get damaged and due to this, leads to poor digestion. The stomach will not be able to complete the process of digestion leading to a condition called Gastroptosis. This may result in the bloating of the stomach, nausea sensations, vomiting or heartburns. To keep this away, make sure to eat food that is easily digestible and it is advisable to take small quantities of food, often rather than large quantities once in a while.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy Facts

This is another part of the body, which is affected by the dreaded diabetes, the eyes. As the name itself suggests, diabetic retinopathy, the high sugar in the blood affects the blood vessels and causes fluid leakage in the vision sensing part of the eye called the Retina. Diabetic Macular Edema is another condition which affects the detailed vision sensing part of the eye. Diabetic patients are also at high risks of developing Cataract and Glaucoma. The best way to avoid this is to keep your sugar in control always!

Excessive Thirst

Diabetes may leave you feeling parched and dry. This is because you will have increased urination which will make you feel more dehydrated. Not only this, when you urinate, it also takes along some of the fluids from your tissues. This will make you feel very tired. This condition of excessive thirst is called Polydipsia and increased urination is called Polyuria. If you experience these conditions, it is better you have a visit to your doctor’s office. 

Damaged Kidneys

Diabetic Kidney Disease

Studies suggest that diabetes is the primary cause of about 44% of kidney failure. This is a result of a condition called Diabetic Nephropathy. Initially, it starts with damaging the nerves that lead to the kidneys. As time progresses, the kidney tissues start to thicken and scarring happens. This damages the kidneys and the blood does not get filtered properly filling up with waste and fluid. This results in the wastage of important proteins which goes out through the urine. It is important to keep your blood sugar in control, which can lead to serious issues.

Weight Loss

This might occur during the initial phase of diabetes. This happens due to the excessive urination, which drains out the calories in your body. This will leave the body fatigued and dehydrated. Diabetes may also prevent the sugar from reaching your body keeping you hungry all the time. If you experience a sudden loss of weight, be sure to check your blood sugar levels or consult your doctor.


cause of DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a serious complication that can lead to loss of consciousness or even death if not treated properly. This occurs when your body produces a high amount of blood acid called ketones. This happens when the insulin in your body is not able to carry out its function properly. A number of ketones build up in your blood. You can notice this condition, if you have a sweet smelling breath that is unusual. If this happens, check with your doctor immediately.


Dry And Cracked Skin

This again is a result of long-term diabetes. The skin loses its hydration over a period of time. This condition occurs quickly for people with diabetes. The skin tends to crack and forms blisters, which is common for diabetics. Since it takes a long time for blisters or even small wounds to heal, it should be treated with hygiene and care.

These are all the complications that diabetes can lead to, over a period of time. But you can prevent all this from happening simply by controlling your sugar levels. You can also adapt to a new lifestyle by eating healthy and keeping yourself fit and active.

Eat away all that pain and work out all that sugar to keep your body diabetic free!

Chin Up!


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